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Ephraim Bonus, Jewish Physician 1647 by Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt

Ephraim Bonus, Jewish Physician 1647 by Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt

Harris Schrank Fine Prints (IFPDA)

Prints

Etching

1647

Sheet Size: 240 x 177 cm

Signed

Condition: Excellent

Details — Click to read

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn

1606 Leiden Amsterdam 1669

Ephraim Bonus, Jewish physician 1647

etching, engraving, and drypoint; 240 x 177 mm.

Bartsch 278, White-Boon second (final) state; Hind 226; The New Hollstein 237 second (final) state

provenance

Hermann Weber, Bonn (Lugt 1383)

Ferdinand, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and King of Portugal (Lugt 968)

C.G. Boerner, Neue Lagerliste 54 (1974), no. 33 (our stock no. in pencil verso 8356)

private collection, Germany

Ephram Hezekiah Bueno (15991665), usually referred to by his Latinized name Bonus, was a physician and writer who came from a Sephardic-Jewish family. He was a renowned doctor and at the same time wrote poems in Spanish. He was also a supporter of Samuel Menasseh ben Israel who lived across the street from Rembrandt and might have introduced Bonus to the artist.

The imposing portrait print was executed in the same year as Rembrandts prints of Jan Asselijn (Bartsch ???) and Jan Six (Bartsch ???). All three have in common that they depict their sitters standing. What is exceptional with regards to Rembrandts working process is that the print was neither based on a preliminary drawing nor was it executed directly on the plate. Instead, it was prepared by a small panel painting of identical size (Bredius 252; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam).

This impression is mentioned in Lugt as one of the “meilleures pieces” sold in Hermann Weber’s sale (1856).

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The Artist

Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt

Approximately 300 etchings and drypoints by Rembrandt were produced between 1626 and 1665. His work as a printmaker paralleled his career as a painter; he rarely dealt with the same subjects in both mediums, and he rarely made prints of his paintings. Above all, he was a brilliant experimenter and inventor in this field, frequently using standard materials in unexpected ways. His influence on printmaking is still visible in contemporary etchings.

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