Julio Le Parc Biography
Julio Le Parc was born in Argentina in 1928; he studied in Buenos Aires as a teen and later in France, with artists Vasarely, Franscisco Sobrino, and Francois Morellet. There, he began experimenting with light and movement. He started out using a palette of black, white, and grey, and began incorporating movement into his work in the late 1950’s. His work reflected the styles of kineticism and op art. He is one of the most famous artists in modern art history.
Julio Le Parc helped form the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) in 1960, as an experimentation and research group out of which came his kinetic and op art styles. He felt that the ‘system’ had to be removed from art and it needed to be experienced personally by his audiences; he gave out questionnaires to the public to get feedback. As his political views became more contentious, his art reflected his feelings. Julio Le Parc used shooting galleries and punching bags to figuratively attack those in authority. His rebellion against the art establishment fueled his participation in these, his own works of art, thus furthering his development of kineticism. For the public, he commented that moving through an exhibit containing mirrored pieces, play rooms, and labyrinths caused the public to experience his art from an individual viewpoint, not another’s.
In Julio Le Parc’s early work in the 60’s, Le Parc began to experiment further with movement and light–moving, projected, or pulsating light. His series of work in the late 60’s called Contorsions created movement and disoriented patterns with motors, mirrors, and the use of black and white parallel lines. This