Wilfredo Lam was an artist associated with the Modern Art movement. He was concerned with the representation of the oppressed. Influenced by his sympathy with the poor and the marginalized, his emotionally dark paintings bring to light depictions of people with deep struggle. Lam was born in Cuba, after leaving his native Havana, he went on to study at the Escuela de Bellas in Madrid, Spain. His Afro-Cuban heritage can be seen to have influenced his works. In 1941, Lam served forty days in a prison on the Caribbean Island of Martinique, after escaping the devastation of war in France.