Spanish ceramicist, painter and sculptor Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in April 1893. In his early career, he painted landscapes and still-lifes, influenced by Romanesque churches and folk art found around in his birthplace. However, he famously began to openly deplore traditional painting methods due to its association with bourgeois society and moved more towards more contemporary methods. His 1921 relocation to Paris and exposure to the Fauvist, Cubist and Surrealist movements of the time caught Miró’s attention, particularly Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Cézanne. Further, works by Andreas Breton and his circle affected Mirós profoundly, affecting substantial changes to his artistic style, and spelled the beginning of a lifelong period of artistic experimentation, never adhering to just one particular style or technique.
Mirós ventured into biomorphism and geometry, using bronze, ceramics and many other materials. One of his most revered artworks is The Tilled Field (1923), an abstract depiction of his Catalan homeland. In 1979, the University of Barcelona awarded him a Doctorate Honoris Causa. Mirós died after suffering heart failure, aged 90 in Majorca, Spain and was later interred in the Montjuïc Cemetery in Barcelona. There are now two museums dedicated to his work. One can be found in his hometown of Barcelona and the other in his place of death in Majorca.