James Turrell is an American artist of French-Irish descent. He lives and works in Flagstaff, Arizona, as well as in Ireland. Many of his works are inspired by and dedicated to light. In 1965, he graduated in mathematics and psychology at Ponoma College in Claremont, California. Then he completed his training with an art diploma at the University of California at Irvine and a master’s in art at the Claremont Graduate School. In 1969, he projected his first light projections to Pasadena Art Museum, which lay the foundation of his work. Subsequently, the use of light as a material made an internationally renowned artist. In 1977, he purchased a volcanic crater in the Arizona desert (the Roden Crater), which he transformed little by little into a gigantic astronomical observatory.