Born in 1923, American painter and sculptor Richard Artschwager had a reputation for being a creative individualist. His work has associations with Pop Art, Conceptual art and Minimalism. In 1941, he began studying at Cornell University. His studies were interrupted by military service in World War 2, when he was sent to England to fight. After the war, he resumed his studies and graduated with a B.A. in Physics in 1948.