Venezuelan Jesus Rafael Soto was known as an Op and Kinetic artist, sculptor and painter. He was renowned for his geometric abstract paintings. As a young man, Soto received a scholarship to study at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Artes Aplicadas in Caracas between 1942 and 1947. Soto’s education opened him up to influences from artists from around the globe, in part due to the Director of his school, Antonio Edmundo Monsanto, who would incorporate foreign books, magazines and reproductions in his teaching. In 1951 he received a government grant to move to Europe. He settled in Paris and brought a new take on three dimensional art to Europe.