The German engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist, Albrecht Durer established his career with his woodcuts that gained him his reputation beginning in his twenties. Since then, he has been recognised as one of the greatest artists of the Northern Renaissance.
Durer’s work is highly associated with having a religious undertone, such as in his woodcuts the Apocalypse series, and his iconic etching of Adam and Eve (in which his signature is widely visible hanging from the sign on the branch Adam is holding). The artist’s work is highly influenced from Italian theory, in which the idea of the human form correlated to a system of proportions and measurements which is demonstrated in the work Adam and Eve. Yet he is not only known for his woodcuts, he too is highly sought after for his paintings, alter pieces, amongst other religious works, including portraits and self portraits, for example, his Self Portrait dated to 1500 shows the artist as Jesus in which not only the resemblance through physical characteristics are visible, but also through his hand gesture portrayed, which represents the sign of the benediction.
What is intriguing though is that while he is most sighted for his religious works, whether it be paintings, etchings, alter pieces, etc., he is also acknowledged as one of the first European landscape artists, in which watercolour was used to embellish the final woodcut print.