Born in the 1930s, South Korean artist Paik Nam June studied in Korea, Japan and West Germany before moving to the United States to pursue his artistic career. Known as a trailblazer and credited with creating the field of Video Art in the 1960s, he was highly competent in a variety of media and was open to working with new technology to create innovative forms of art. Video Art is said to have been born when Paik used a Sony video camera to shoot footage of Pope Paul VI in New York City in 1965 and went on to exhibit the work.
As well as a visual artist, Paik Nam June was also a classically trained musician. As audio visual technology advanced, he was able to produce videos to accompany the music he produced. He joined the Neo-Dada and Fluxus art movements, inspired by composer John Cage and his use of real life noises in his pieces. He quickly gained a reputation as the leading light in musical video production. A true pioneer, his work has continued to be regularly exhibited since his death in 2006. One of his most famous works is “One candle, Candle Projections”, depicting a hypnotic video of a burning candle. Paik died aged 73 in Miami in the United States.