French artist Henri Matisse was born in 1869 in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France. is known as one of the most influential and prominent artists of the early twentieth century. Matisse is most known for being a painter, but he was also a draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. He began his life studying law in Paris, destined to become a lawyer. However, he suffered a bout of appendicitis and was brought art materials by his mother whilst he recovered. It was at this serendipitous point that Matisse discovered art.